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Holocaust Survivor Stories

Postcard, Sammlung Raimund Wolfert
Postcard, Sammlung Raimund Wolfert
© Private
Brief_Kuh_ Österreichische Exilbibliothek_Sammlung Hanna Kuh (1)
Österreichische Exilbibliothek, Sammlung Hanna Kuh

Discover the life stories of more than 20 Holocaust survivors from different countries. They were persecuted under National Socialism for various reasons and were able to save their lives by fleeing their homeland.

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Berlin, Germany

Charlotte Charlaque

Charlotte_Charlaque_c_National_Archives_of_the_Czech Republic
Signed passport photo, 1940

Born in 1892, Jewish, a transgender woman who works as a receptionist at Magnus Hirschfeld’s Institute for Sexual Science. In 1934, she escapes to Czechoslovakia, flees further to Prague in 1939, and finally settles in New York in 1942.
Sources: Self-testimonies & newspapers
Photo: Národní archiv, Prague. Collection Police Directorate 1941-1951

Munich, Germany

Freia Eisner

Freia Eisner, 1926

Born in 1907, stepdaughter of the social democratic politician Kurt Eisner, who is murdered in 1919. She flees to Sweden and France in 1933, then seeks refuge in Great Britain in 1935. In 1948, she returns to Germany.
Sources: Life history interviews
Photo: Stiftung Neue Synagoge Berlin- Centrum Judaicum, Archiv, CJA, 6.04, Nr. 70.

Radzyń, Poland

Gustawa Tänzer

G. Tänzer in her 20s

Born in 1923, Jewish, Gustawa is 16 years old when German troops invade Poland. She manages to obtain a forged passport with a Polish-Christian identity and uses it to escape to Munich in 1943, where she volunteers as a worker.
Sources: Letter to her grandson & other self-testimonies

Photo: Private (in possession of the family)

Vienna, Austria-Hungary

Alfred Bader

Alfred_Bader_Copyright_Queen’s University Archives, Alfred Bader fonds
Registration certificate, 24 April 1940

Born in 1924, he is the son of a Jewish father and a Catholic mother. At the end of 1938, he is evacuated to Great Britain with the first Kindertransport (Children’s Transport) from Vienna.
Source: Diary of Alfred Bader, 16 years old
Photo: Queen’s University Archives, Alfred Bader fonds

Hanna Kuh

Hanna_Kuh_Copyright_Österreichische Exilbibliothek_Sammlung Hanna Kuh
Hanna Kuh as a nurse, 1930s

Born in 1913, Jewish, escapes to Great Britain in October 1938 where she was able to work as a domestic servant. She is the only member of her family to survive the Holocaust.
Sources: Letters with family and friends

Photo: Hanna Kuh Collection. Literaturhaus Wien / Austrian Archives for Exile Studies